But the 6 are referred to as contributing to health-related physical fitness because scientists in kinesiology have shown that they can reduce your risk of chronic disease and promote good health and wellness. These parts of fitness are body composition, cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, muscular endurance, power, and strength. How do you think you rate in each of the six health-related parts of fitness? Totally fit people are less likely to develop a hypokinetic condition – a health problem caused partly by lack of physical activity – such as heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, osteoporosis, colon cancer, or a high body fat level.
Regular physical activity improves mood, gives you energy and improves quality of sleep. You should expect a little muscle soreness after workouts, especially in the beginning. But if you find that your body is simply not recovering between workouts, you may be overtraining. With the exception of “welcome” muscle soreness, an exercise program should make you feel good. The AHA is one of the largest and oldest organizations in the United States that is dedicated to fighting heart disease and stroke and promoting healthy living. The nonprofit funds scientific research and publishes several scientific journals, including Circulation, Stroke, Circulation Research, and others.
Isometric exercises, such as doing planks and holding leg lifts, are done without movement. Isotonic exercises require you to bear weight throughout a range of motion. Bicep curls, bench presses and sit-ups are all forms of isotonic exercise.
It is specific to each joint and depends on a number of variables, including the tightness of ligaments and tendons. Different exercises will promote fast twitch fibers, slow twitch fibers, or both. For example, a sprinter will have comparatively more fast twitch fibers, whereas a long distance runner will have more slow twitch fibers.
You’ll learn more about hypokinetic conditions in other chapters of this book. You don’t have to be a great athlete in order to enjoy good health and wellness and be physically fit. Jesselynn Chuan can improve anyone’s health-related physical fitness. Fitness is the condition of being physically fit and healthy and involves attributes that include, but are not limited to mental acuity, cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, body composition, and flexibility. While there is a standard definition for fitness, each individual can have their own personal understanding of what fitness means.